Vibrant and culturally rich, India continues to preserve its centuries-old roots in the form of its stunning arts and crafts. Traditional crafts of India provide the basis of Indian culture that not only has gained worldwide recognition but is also one of the reasons tourists flock to the country. These Indian handicrafts are a glimpse into the history and culture of every region of the country. The history of Indian handicrafts goes back centuries. We have compiled a list of art and Indian handicrafts from different states; don’t forget to check out the special mentions too.

State Wise Description Of The Famous Indian Handicrafts

1. Kondapalli Dolls, Andhra Pradesh

Kondapalli Dolls
Source: Wikipedia

This 400-year-old art form makes toys from soft wood known as tella poniki, where each part is carved separately. These pieces are then joined together with makku, a paste of tamarind seed powder and sawdust. Later after drying, details are added and the toys are colored with either oil and watercolors or vegetable dyes and enamel paints. These toys are showcased every year at the celebration of Sankranthi, and this showcase is known as Bommala Koluvu.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Kalamkari Art (Srikalahasti style and Machilipatnam style), Crochet Lace, Bidri.

2. Bamboo And Cane Craft, Arunachal Pradesh

bamboo and cane craft in Arunachal Pradesh

Thanks to the abundance of cane and bamboo in Arunachal Pradesh, the state is quite famous for its products. The craft is a vibrant tradition and highly diverse as each tribe has its own weaving style and design. Every tribe excels in their craftsmanship, and the shapes of the items made out of bamboo and cane are distinctive in every region. 

Other Popular Handicrafts: Thangka Painting, Hand woven Carpets, Wood Carving, Ornamental Art.

3. Weaving And Embroidery, Assam

weaving and embroidery in Assam

Considered to be one of the main cottage industries of Assam, weaving and embroidery have brought the fabrics of Assam into the international domain. These include handwoven cotton, muga, pat (mulberry silk) and eri (wooly silk). Common household handlooms of the state include mekhela chadar, gamocha, saris, shawls, mats and napkins. The designs of these traditional crafts in Assam are symbolic of the different tribes and ethnic groups of the area.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Sitalpati, Pottery, Jewelry, Woodcrafts, Brass metal works, Handlooms.

4. Madhubani Painting, Bihar

Indian Folk Painting- Ornamental Madhubani Painting of a fish, traditional crafts of india

This folk art of Bihar is also referred to as Mithila art and is one of the oldest and most famous Indian art forms. Madhubani paintings are one of the most famous traditional Indian handicrafts. They are usually painted with fingers, twigs or matchsticks (now pen nibs) and often have geometric patterns and bright colors. These colors are made from natural extracts from plants and other natural sources. 

Other Popular Handicrafts: Tikuli art, Sikki art, Manjusha Art, Stonecraft, Patna Kalam.

5. Wall Paintings, Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh wall paintings

The traditional wall paintings in Chattisgarh depict pictures of traditional tribal rituals. Most of the wall paintings in Chattisgarh are related to the celebrations of their customary ceremonies. The walls and floors are painted with vibrant colors making them rural forms of art. 

Other Popular Handicrafts: Bastar Iron Craft, Dhokra, Cowrie Craft, Tumba.

6. Lavo Mandri, Goa

Lavo Mandri, traditional crafts of india
Source: marionapereirablog.wordpress

This is an art form indigenous to Goa. It’s a traditional art of weaving mandri (mat in Konkani). Although not a thriving art, it uses lavo, a type of wild grass grown in the marshy land of fields to make these mats.

Other Popular Handicrafts: woodcarving, brass metals, seashell craft, Papier- Mache, wooden lacquer ware.

7. Zari Work, Gujarat

zari work of surat

Gujarat is filled with many Indian traditional crafts. One of the most famous is the zari or gold thread embroidery. It is an intricate art of weaving thread spun of fine gold or silver, further woven into fabrics (primarily silk) to create intricate patterns. This art is considered one of the most famous and elaborate techniques in metal embroidery. It is also one of the most popular traditional Indian handicrafts. The zari work of Surat is one of the oldest handicrafts and the city is one of the biggest and most important zari manufacturing centers in India. 

Other Popular Handicrafts: wood crafts, pottery, tribal art.

8. Embroidery, Haryana 


Haryana produces many traditional handicraft items such as shawls, durries, robes or lungis to show off its weaving capabilities. But nothing can defeat the Haryana shawl called phulkari. Generally worn with ghagra choli, phulkari is made by the female members of a house and takes a long time to make, sometimes even a few years. It contains magnificent colors and intricate embroidery, almost always following a geometric pattern.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Pottery, Bagh, Chope, Durries.

9. Wool Weaving, Himachal Pradesh

Wool Weaving of Himachal, traditional crafts of india

Due to the low temperatures in Himachal, it comes as no surprise that nearly every household in Himachal owns a pit loom, a type of loom that fits inside a pit. Each region has its typical style. For example, the Kullu region is famous for its shawls that contain striking patterns and vibrant colors, while in the Chamba district, weaves assume a checkered pattern. 

Other Popular Handicrafts: carpets, leather works, metalware, woodwork, paintings.

10. Pashmina Shawls, Jammu and Kashmir

Traditional Indian fabric store. Colorful traditional indian textile fabric wrap scarfs

The world-famous pashmina shawls from Jammu and Kashmir are made from raw unspun wool of domesticated changthangi goats. This warm woolen fabric is turned into a fine shawl through an elaborate process and is a specialized job as the softness has to be retained through every step. Usually, it is woven in three patterns, twill or sade bunai, the popular diamond or chashm-e-bulbul, and the special herringbone style or gada kond. Pashmina shawls are counted as one of the most famous traditional crafts of India.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Carpets, Wood Carving, Papier Machie, Crewel, Basohli Painting.

11. Wood Craft, Jharkhand

wood carving craft jharkhand

All thanks to surrounding dense forests, woodcraft has become one of the most thriving industries of Jharkhand. This wood is used by artisans to create different products that are used in everyday life and also for decoration, such as windows, door panels, boxes, wooden spoons and so on. The fine quality of the woodcraft and the wood of Jharkhand have made this art very popular.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Pitkar paintings, tribal ornaments, stone carving.

12. Bidriware, Karnataka


This is a unique metal handicraft from Bidar and has been practiced from as long as the 14th century CE during the rule of the Bahamani Sultans. Also known as Bidri art, this traditional Indian handicraft is unique due to its striking inlay artwork. The metal used for bidriware is an alloy of zinc and copper that is blackened and then encased with thin sheets of pure silver. This craft from Karnataka is one of the most popular Indian handicrafts.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Sandalwood carvings, Channapatna lacquer ware & toys, Mysore traditional paintings, Navalgund durries.

13. Coconut Shell Handicrafts, Kerala

Coconut Shell Handicrafts of Kerala

This beautiful eco-friendly handicraft of Kerala requires aesthetics and expertise as it is very difficult to carve out exquisite patterns on a tough exterior. This traditional craft is one of the traditional handicrafts of the Kerala artisans, who carve out gorgeous collectables such as sugar containers, boxes in different shapes and sizes, and showpieces embellished with brass edges.

Other Popular Handicrafts: sandalwood carvings, Netturpetti (a nine-sided wooden chest), coir products.

14. Durries Weaving, Madhya Pradesh

Durries, Bhopal

Durries of Madhya Pradesh are one of the two carpet varieties produced by the state. These thick cotton carpets are among the best Indian handicrafts. They are woven by a technique called punja and come in vibrant colors, bold patterns, and folk designs including birds and animal motifs and geometric weaves.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Gond painting, Stone carving, Iron craft, Terracotta.

15. Warli Paintings, Maharashtra

Warli wall painting, Handicraft, Maharashtra, India, traditional crafts of india

This tribal art from Maharashtra is among the finest examples of folk paintings in India. The Warli paintings are traditionally painted inside the walls of village huts, and use a set of basic geometric shapes like circles, triangles, and squares. These geometric shapes do not depict mythological characters or images of deities but depict the social everyday life of the villagers. To paint the mud walls, artists use white paint made by grinding rice into a white powder, and mixing it with water. 

Other Popular Handicrafts: Kolhapuri chappals, Bidriware, Paithani, Peshwai jewellery, Dhurrie weaving.

16. Wood Carving, Manipur

wood carving craft, Manipur

The wood carving in Manipur is done on two types of wood, locally known as wang and heijuga. Trees are cut when they are mature, and then the logs are seasoned properly to preserve the natural color of the wood. The traditional motifs of Manipuri culture are carved by artisans. The resin is applied to decorate leather belts, swords and sword handles.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Textile weaving, stone carving, block printing, hand-embroidery.

17. Weaving, Meghalaya

weaving, Meghalaya

Home to a rich variety of handwoven textiles, Meghalaya produces three varieties of silk. They are muga, eri (locally known as ryndia) and mulberry. This art is an ancient craft of the tribals of Meghalaya and under the exclusive monopoly of women. The various tribes of Meghalaya weave amazing handicrafts, and most importantly this industry is a cottage-based eco-friendly industry.

Other Popular Handicrafts: bamboo & cane craft.

18. Cane And Bamboo Weaving, Mizoram

cane and bamboo weaving, mizoram

The traditional art of the Mizo tribes is to create several varieties of bamboo and cane products that are both utilitarian and decorative. The Mizo men are experts at cane and bamboo work. The traditional Mizo hat looks as if the hat is woven out of fine bamboo as fine as cotton yarn. Bamboo and cane are also used to make flower vases, baskets and utensils. The domestic baskets are all made from plaited bamboo and are reinforced by a stout cane, which is very hard and durable. By smoking, the cane is colored shiny mahogany to add some color and patterns.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Hnika Fabric, Puandum Handloom.

19. Weaving, Nagaland

Naga Weaving, traditional crafts of india

An integral part of the arts and crafts of Nagaland, weaving is primarily done by females.  The traditional style of the state is reflected in the rich artistic skills and creative imagination of the local craftsmen who have inherited the art from their ancestors. Different products include shawls, sling bags, headgear and wraparound garments commonly called mekhala.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Wood-Carving, Blacksmithy, Ornaments

20. Pattachitra, Odisha

Pattachitra in Odisha

Another tribal folk art of India, pattachitra in Odisha was created for ritual use and as souvenirs for pilgrims to Puri, as well as other temples in Odisha. It is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of the state. Derived from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture, pattachitra is known for its intricate details as well as mythological narratives and folktales inscribed in it.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Sand Art, Palm leaf painting, Horn work, Applique work.

21. Chowk-Poorana, Punjab

Chowk-Poorana, punjab

This ancient practice in Punjab is about plastering the walls of the house with mud and creating different shapes, figures, patterns and designs on the wet mud before it dries. It is usually performed by the rural women of Punjab on festive occasions like Dushera, Karva Chauth, Holi, Diwali etc.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Phulkari Embroidery, Leatherwork, Basketry.

22. Blue Pottery, Rajasthan

blue pottery of Jaipur, traditional crafts of india

Jaipur’s blue pottery originally came from Persia, but today is widely recognized as a traditional craft of Jaipur. The base for blue pottery is a mix of quartz, powdered glass, stone powder, borax, multani mitti, gum and water. The name, however, comes from the cobalt blue dye used to color the pottery. The technique beautifully produces decorative items such as doorknobs, tiles, pots, vases and plates, but be careful as being fired at very low temperatures makes them fragile.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Wooden furniture, Lac bangles, Marbles, Puppets.

23. Lepcha Weaving, Sikkim

Lepcha Weaving of sikkim, traditional crafts of india

The state’s traditional lepcha weave is synonymous with handloom weaving in Sikkim. This kind of weave goes back to ancient times when the Lepcha tribe were said to use yarn spun from stinging nettle (sisnu) plants to weave their clothes. Locally known as thara, lepcha weaves are woven in vertical looms with a backstrap, thus resulting in a shorter fabric width. Traditional designs with different colors are used to make bedspreads, curtains, bags, cushion covers, belts, table mats, tray cloths etc, apart from the traditional dress of Lepchas.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Thanka painting, wooden mask making, bamboo and cane craft.

24. Korai Silk Mats, Tamil Nadu

Korai Silk Mats, Tamil Nadu, traditional crafts of india

Belonging to the town of Pattamadai in Tirunelveli district, these mats are crafted out of korai grass (reeds). These mats are also called pattu paai where the use of silk thread gives a sheen to the mat. They are specifically crafted for wedding ceremonies and have the bride and groom names as well as the wedding date woven into them.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Tanjore paintings, Handloom Sarees, Bronze ornaments and statues.

25. Pembarti Sheet Metal Work, Telangana

Pembarti Sheet Metal Work, Telangana

This traditional handicraft is a popular metal handicraft made in Pembarthi village of Warangal district in Telangana. Metalworkers or the vishwakarmas perfected the art of sheet metal engravings, and today, it is one of the most popular traditional Indian handicrafts. It can be seen adorning the vigrahas (statues) as well as carvings of chariots in several Hindu temples.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Bronze Castings, Kondapalli toys, Cheriyal scroll paintings.

26. Cane And Bamboo Craft, Tripura

Cane and Bamboo Craft, Tripura, traditional crafts of india

These traditional crafts are one of the main crafts of Tripura and are known for their beautiful weaves and attractive designs. The weaves are practiced by different tribes of Tripura. Some of the well-known can and bamboo craft produced include table mats, floor mats, room dividers, decorated wall panels, attractive furniture made of cane, and interior decor products such as paneling, plaques, planters etc.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Handloom, silver jewellery, floor mats.

27. Wood Carving, Uttarakhand

Wood Carving, UK

An integral part of the hill society, the tradition of wood carving or likhai in Uttarakhand is inspired by the natural beauty of the region. These carvings are among the most famous traditional crafts of India. They are renowned for their simple yet delicate and attractive designs and can be found on the dwellings of the people who live there, primarily in the form of folk, religious and tantric motifs.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Pahari paintings, Ringal Products, Kumauni Folk Art.

28. Lucknow Chikan Work, Uttar Pradesh

Chikan Work, Uttar Pradesh

Chikan translates to embroidery. The technique of creating chikan work or chikan embroidery work is called chikankari. It is a delicate and artfully done hand embroidery which is one of Lucknow’s most ancient and well-known craft forms. It is one of the most famous Indian handicrafts and is done on a variety of textiles like muslin, silk, chiffon, organza, net, etc and gives the cloth a delicate appeal.

Other Popular Handicrafts: brassware, Stonecraft, Glass ware.

29. Dhokra, West Bengal

Dhokra (also spelt Dokra) is non–ferrous metal casting using the lost-wax casting technique. This sort of metal casting has been used in India for over 4,000 years and is still used.

This ancient metal casting art is a tribal art form which comes from the Dhokra Damar tribes of West Bengal. This traditional art is used to make stunning metal figurines from bronze and copper-based alloys using a ‘lost wax casting’. One of the earliest known Dhokra artifacts is the famous statue of the dancing girl of Mohenjo-Daro. This art is still used to make artifacts, accessories, utensils and jewelry, and is differentiated by its rustic simplicity, enchanting folk motifs and clean, distinctive, lines. An old art, dhokra is one of the most famous traditional arts of India.

Other Popular Handicrafts: Conchshell craft, Jute, Kantha, Sholapith.

A Peek Into The Famous Handicrafts Of India From Its Union Territories 

Andaman and Nicobar Islands – woodwork and carpentry

Chandigarh – party wear clutch, brass and wooden handicrafts

Dadra and Nagar Haveli – leather slippers, weaving of bamboo mats and baskets

Daman and Diu – ivory carving, tortoise shell art and mat weaving

Delhi – lacquer work and pottery. Book Now: Delhi Handicraft Tour On Private Basis

Ladakh – Thangka painting, traditional tie-dyed woolen shoes, pashmina shawls and carpets

Lakshadweep – seashell necklace, coconut and tortoise shell art

Puducherry – Leather, woodcraft, pottery, metal craft

Also Read: Exploring the Indigenous Arts And Crafts Of Sabah

Final Thoughts

These traditional crafts have not only preserved the art but also provide artisans to earn a livelihood from their creative works. The diverse culture, heritage, language and customs of this unique country have made us proud of our glorious history. So, take some time to delve into the culture and art of the destinations as well, and if we’ve missed anything that should be on our list of traditional Indian handicrafts, drop us a comment below. You can see and buy Indian handicrafts online too.


Which is the oldest craft in India?

Undoubtedly pottery is one of the oldest heritage crafts of India. This art form originated in 3300–1300 BC during the Indus Valley Civilization. Pots and decorative pieces were made by great artists using clay. Samples of them which are preserved in the Museum showcases the remarkable artistry of the artists. Besides pottery, carvings and drawings on cave rocks are also considered to be one of the oldest crafts.

Which is the craft capital of India?

Jaipur is considered as the craft capital of India. Special jewelry such as Minakari and processing of colored gems are done here using traditional techniques. It is also the global center for polished and cut emeralds. Craftsmen and artisans here are best at working with colored gems, silver and pearls.

How many traditional art forms are there in India?

With India being a diverse country it is home to more than 50 traditional folk and tribal arts. This includes a variety of art forms such as painting, sculpture, pottery, textile arts such as painting, block prints and woven silk. 


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