Drinking tea is an ancient tradition that is said to date back to south-west China in 2727 BC. According to legend, the Chinese Emperor Shennong found the taste of his hot water greatly improved when a dried tea leaf fell into his cup. Since then tea traditions around the world have developed their own unique flavour, much like ice cream, or even sandwiches.
As tea drinking spread along the Silk Road and was introduced to Europe, it has been incorporated into cultures around the world. A variety of unique techniques of processing and drinking tea have developed over the centuries. Here are 11 interesting tea traditions around the world:
For Chinese people, tea is a way of life. The country’s diverse climates have given rise to hundreds of different varieties of tea, such as Oolong, Jasmine, pu-erh (fermented tea), and Gunpowder. Black tea is not especially popular in China, having historically been reserved for export.
The art of making tea, or Cha Dao, is closely linked to Chinese philosophies of balance and harmony. The traditional way of serving tea is ritualized in the gong fu ceremony. Comprising of numerous steps, it also involves a tureen, strainers, tongs, tea towels, a brewing tray, and “scent cups,” which are used to sniff—but not drink—the strong and bitter brew.
2Moroccan Mint Tea
Touareg tea or Moroccan mint tea is a major part of North African culture. A heavily sweetened mixture of green tea and mint leaves it is served in small glasses. It is poured into these from a from a height, and guests are often offered three glasses – all which should be accepted in order to avoid looking impolite – along with nuts and sweets. The flavour of the tea deepens with each glass that is left to steep, leading to the Magrebhi proverb:
The first glass is as gentle as life.
The second glass is as strong as love.
The third glass is as bitter as death.
3English Afternoon Tea
No country is so closely connected to tea as England. It’s as synonymous with British culture as fish and chips or the royal family. From dainty afternoon teas to heartier brews, it certainly is a favourite beverage. Tea was first introduced by the Dutch East India Company in the mid-1600’s, though it was initially expensive.
Afternoon tea only became a tradition in the 1800s, supposedly when Ann, Duchess of Bedford found the gap between breakfast and dinner too long and asked to be served a light meal. Now traditionally comprised of tea with sandwiches and scones, the Afternoon tea has been relegated to a special occasion affair in England, even though they are one of the world’s largest consumers of tea. They consume mostly black teas like Earl Grey and English Breakfast
4Thai Iced Tea
In Thailand, perhaps the most famous brew is the delicious Thai iced tea or cha-yen. Made from strongly brewed black Ceylon tea, it is blended with condensed milk and sugar before being served over ice. Various flavours or spices are added. These can include orange blossom, cinnamon, star anise, liquorice, and ground tamarind.
Trade along the Silk Road brought tea to Russia in the 17th century, but it was only in the 1800s that it became widely available to everyone. Today, Russian tea, or zavarka, is synonymous with the samovar. A tall urn used to boil water, while a teapot containing the zavarka, highly concentrated black tea, sits atop it.
Small amounts of the tea are poured into cups and diluted with the water from the samovar. It can also be flavoured with lemon, sugar, honey, or other herbs. Much like in Morocco, tea and hospitality are closely connected in Russia. It is still considered polite to offer a guest a cup when they enter your home.
6Tibetan Butter Tea
While most people may not associate butter with tea, the high, cold altitudes of the Himalayas have given rise to the high-fat, energy-boosting tradition of butter tea, or Po cha. Ideal for both keeping you warm and cleansing your body, the tea is made with pu-erh teacakes that are crumbled into hot water and boiled for several hours. This creates a strong brew called chaku. This is then blended with salt and yak butter in a wooden churn called a chandong. However, its bitter taste can often put foreigners off this unique drink.
India is the both world’s largest producer, and the largest consumer of tea. The sweet milky chai is practically a national drink. Indian tea is largely the result of British attempts to cultivate Chinese tea in India after the Opium wars. While this was unsuccessful, they discovered indigenous varieties in the Assam Valley.
While tea is certainly a part of everyday life in India, it never developed into elaborate rituals lie in China or Japan. Tea stalls are dotted cross Indian streets, and the chai wallahs prepare black tea with milk, sugar, and spices such as cardamom, fennel, cinnamon, and cloves.
8Japanese Tea Ceremony
Heavily influenced by Zen Buddhism, the elaborate traditional Japanese chanoyu tea ceremony involves ritualized preparation, presentation, and consumption of tea. Tea was introduced to Japan by Chinese monks in the 12th century, which contributed to its almost philosophical appreciation. However, it was only in the 16th century that Sen Rikyū codified Japanese tea principles, making them a ubiquitous part of Japanese culture
Traditionally, tea ceremonies are held in tatami-floored teahouses, where everything from the flower arrangements to the proper use of tea-making equipment and gestures are carried out through prescribed rituals. Matcha powder, made of ground green tea leaves, is used to brew a frothy, ethereal tea.
An integral part of Persian culture, tea was introduced to Iran through the Silk Road. By the 15th century, tea houses known as chaikhanehs had begun to spring up around the country. However, it wasn’t until the 20th century that Iranians began growing their own tea, making it an important element of social life.
Brewed over a samovar, Iranian tea is served very strong. Instead of adding sugar to the drink, you’re expected to place a sugar cube between your front teeth and drink the tea through it. The drink is also often accompanied by a bright yellow rock candy called nabat.
10Argentinian Yerba Mate
Even though the iconic Argentinian yerba mate (pronounced ma-tay) isn’t really tea, it’s also a way of life. A caffeine-infused drink made from the leaves of the local yerba mate plant, this herbal tea is meant to be sipped through a metal straw called bombilla. However, it can be considered an insult to the brewing abilities of its maker if you stirring the tea with the bombilla. Drunk throughout the day, it is said to have anti-oxidants and cholesterol-lowering properties.
11Taiwanese Bubble Tea
A more modern invention, Taiwanese bubble tea is made with iced tea (usually black, green, jasmine or oolong) which is mixed with powdered milk and sugar syrup. The characteristic bubbles are actually small balls of tapioca, creating a chewy treat.
Bubble tea was created in 1988 at the Chun Shui Tang teahouse when Lin Hsiu Hui dropped some tapioca balls from her fen yuan dessert into her iced tea. A trend was born, and the teahouse soon began selling “bubble tea”. It has since spread internationally, gaining appreciation across Asian, Europe, and the United States.
Did we miss any other tea traditions around the world? If so do share them in the comments below.